Glocale Rivista molisana di storia e scienze sociali

ABSTRACT

 

Massimiliano Crisci

What future for the working-age population of Molise?

After a long period of strong depopulation and some decades of demographic stagnation, in the last years Molise has avoided a slight decrease of population only thanks to foreign immigration.
Labour forces are ageing because the people born during the baby boom are now reaching adulthood and maturity and because a restricted generation born in low fertility periods is reaching working age.
In the future, we can foresee that such trends are going to trigger off a workforce decline, particularly intense in the youngest age groups.
Work placement in Molise is very difficult for young people. The mismatch between their occupational expectation and the local market supply continues to indicate territorial mobility as a necessity. Labour market flexibility stimulates temporary and intermittent migrations to the Central-Northern regions of Italy, not as strong as they used to be, but still substantial.
These are silent migrations affecting the quality of life of migrants and their families, but they are difficult to trace through official sources and impossible to analyse without using ad hoc surveys.