Glocale Rivista molisana di storia e scienze sociali



Massimiliano Marzillo

Political History and Local Identity in Molise during the Second Post-war

This study reflects the intention of analysing in a political way the most important aspects of the sense of belonging in a local context during the Republican age, and at the same time comparing them with the national identity. Or more specifically it examines the distinguishing characteristics between Molise and the rest of the peninsula. Once found the initial point of the Underground movement, foreboding of important ideological changes, the analysis was shifted to more important characterizing aspects of it. It has been observed how much the initial and endlessness of the pre-fascist system and the pre-existing ideological, cultural and anthropological beliefs have conditioned the construction of a new political identity, emphasizing in detail the inevitable need to appeal to patronage.
The intrinsic difficulty of the development of the new democratic practice immediately before and after June 2nd 1946 is evident in the internal struggles that involved those who were to become the most important political parties in Molise, and in a way it contributes to outline a local description hat complicated for some aspects the result of a plot deriving from some elements that were common to the whole peninsula, others typically Southern and others totally of its own.
In this articulated reconstruction a re-elaboration considering the achievement of a regional self-government and especially of an industrial development, a subject which is always studied together with the national problems, could not have been avoided. It has all been in the majority pinpointed using unpublished sources, so as to obtain an original interpretation of a very interesting historical period.